Biological Terrorism: Past Lessons and Future Outlook
The Lone Wolf Terrorist:
Past Lessons, Future Outlook, and Response Strategies
Continuity or Change?
“Biodefense Indicators: One Year Later, Events
Outpacing Federal Efforts to Defend the Nation”
Report produced by the Blue Ribbon Study Panel on Biodefense
Post-Attempted Coup in Turkey:
The Role of the Military
in Combating Terrorism
The Role of Intelligence
The Refugee Crisis:
Humanitarian and Security Implications
The Role of Law Enforcement
Russia's Strategic Puzzle:
Past Lessons, Current Assessment, and Future Outlook
Terrorism in North Africa and the Sahel in 2015
Confronting Regional and Global Challenges"
"Combating the Islamic State:
Is a New Strategic Blueprint Needed?"
"Syria: Quo Vadis?"
"A National Blueprint for Biodefense:
Leadership and Major Reform Needed to Optimize Efforts"
A Bipartisan Report produced by the Blue Ribbon Study Panel on Biodefense
"South and Central Asia Security Challenges"
Europe: Quo Vadis?
(Political, Legal, and Security Perspectives)
Terrorism in North Africa and the Sahel in 2014
On February 17, 2015 the Inter-‐University Center for Terrorism Studies (IUCTS) published its sixth annual report, “Terrorism in North Africa and the Sahel in 2014,” authored by Prof. Yonah
Alexander, Director-‐IUCTS. The report finds the region & global community facing the most serious security challenges since 9/11, from natural and man-‐made threats ranging from Ebola to
extremism. The rise of the so-‐called 'Islamic State' and resilience of al-‐Qaida & affiliates contributed to a 25% jump in terrorist attacks in N. Africa & the Sahel in 2014, the
highest level since 9/11. The study recommends the US & allies engage more effectively to slow a security crisis that is erupting across Africa’s “arc of instability."
In 2013 terrorism has continued to challenge global stability and security. It represented the highest annual total of attacks since 911. The role of international cooperation in combating terrorism has therefore become more critical than ever before.
To assess the various strategic efforts both regionally and inter-regionally, a group of diplomats discussed past lessons and future outlook during a seminar held on September 27, 2013 at the Potomac Institute for Policy Studies.
The event was co-sponsored by the Inter-University Center for Terrorism Studies, the Inter-University Center for Legal Studies, at the International Law Institute and the Center for National Security Law, University of Virginia School of Law.
The fifth annual report on “Terrorism in North Africa and the Sahel in 2013” was released on January 24, 2014.
According to the report’s findings, the record of 2013 indicates that terrorist attacks in the Maghreb and the Sahel increased an alarming 60 percent from the previous year, totaling 230 incidents region-wide, the highest yearly total since 9/11.
The report recommends more effective engagement by the US and its allies to prevent the brewing security crisis from erupting in Africa’s “arc of instability,” from the Atlantic to the Red Sea.
Combating Hizballah's Global Network
A New Publication warns that Hizballah, the Lebanese “Party of God” threatens the United States and the entire international community as seriously as Al Qa’ida’s global terrorist hydra.
In light of the growing debate over the Geneva deal with Iran, the tactical and strategic role of Hizballah, Tehran’s major terrorist proxy in the Middle East and beyond, is becoming more critical for any future diplomatic negotiations. The new timely publication on “Combating Hizballah’s Global Network” provides an updated reality-check on the nature and potential challenges of Iran’s most effective terrorist tool in the coming months and years. It was co-authored by Professor Yonah Alexander (Director, Inter-University Center for Terrorism Studies), Dr. Matthew Levitt (Director, Stein Program on Counterterrorism and Intelligence, Senior Fellow, Washington Institute for Near East Policy), Professor Amit Kumar (Edmund A. Walsh School of Foreign Service, Georgetown), and Dan Mariaschin (Executive Vice President at B'nai B'rith International).
The just released report focuses on Hizballah’s ideology, objectives, organizational structures, major terrorist activities around the world, the Iranian connection, and what the international community, particularly the United States and Europe can do to confront the growing threat to all societies.
Canada's experience with homegrown "foreign affinity" terrorism, namely threats with international connections, are expanding. In 2013, for example, Canadian citizens inspired by Al-Qa’ida's ideology, plotted to bomb the British Columbia legislature in Victoria as well as derail a New York City-Montreal train full with innocent passengers. And it has been reported that Canadian nationals have joined the al-Shabaab terrorist group that attacked a mall in Nairobi (Kenya) and others have participated in operations elsewhere, including Algeria, Yemen, Syria, and Pakistan.
The report on “Canada and Terrorism: Selected Perpetrators” (published in September 2013) provides a context for understanding the challenge of radicalization, extremism and violence in Canada that is rooted in regional, ethnic and political conflicts at home and abroad. Selected profiles of Canadian citizens as well as foreigners residing in Canada personify the ugly face of the terrorist challenges.
The research for this study initially began in 2006 and completed in Spring 2013. A larger study on "Canada and Terrorism: Threats and Responses" is expected to be completed in 2014. This work is undertaken by the Inter-University Center for Terrorism Studies (administered by both the International Center for Terrorism Studies at Potomac Institute for Policy Studies and the Inter-University Center for Legal Studies at the International Law Institute). Professor Edgar H. Brenner, the late co-director of the Inter-University Center for Legal Studies and Professor Yonah Alexander, director of the Inter-University Center for Terrorism Studies are the principal investigators of the study. Academic support is provided by Professor Don Wallace Jr., Chairman, International Law Institute; Bill Mays, International Law Institute; and Marie-Aude Ferrière, Université Paris II Pantheon Assas- France.
For further information, please contact the Inter-University Center for Terrorism Studies at the Potomac Institute for Policy Studies, 901 North Stuart Street Suite 200 Arlington, VA 22203 Tel.: 703-525-0770
Email: email@example.com, ICTS@ potomacinstitute.org
The Maghreb—Algeria, Libya, Mauritania, Morocco, and Tunisia—as well as adjacent parts of the Sahel—Chad, Mali, and Niger—and for the past several years also Nigeria, have emerged as some of the most worrying strategic challenges to the international community. The purpose of the “Terrorism in North Africa and the Sahel in 2012: Global Reach and Implications” is to focus on the security environment during the past year, regarding these countries, with the hope that further research in this critical strategic region will be undertaken.
This report details the local, national and regional security challenges which the nations of Central Asia currently face. Given the growing international demand for energy and raw materials, this region importance to the international community increases daily. The vast geographical and demographic differences have already been, and will continue to be, a source of contention between state and non-state actors alike for years to come.
Currently, one year after the beginning of the unprecedented explosion of the Arab Spring, the only certainty about future developments in the broader Middle East is uncertainty, and therefore the United States’ strategic and tactical responses are understandably at a foggy cross-road. It is for this reason that a realistic analysis of the factors that contribute to stability or instability in the turbulent region is critical if America, as well as its friends and allies, are adequately prepared to craft a pragmatic approach in this emerging security environment.
The Maghreb — Algeria, Libya, Mauritania, Morocco, and Tunisia — as well as adjacent parts of the Sahel — Chad, Mali, and Niger — have emerged as one of the most worrying strategic challenges to the international community, and yet for decades these regions have mostly been overlooked by policy-makers in the West.
More specifically, for the past ten years terrorist attacks by al-Qa’ida in the Islamic Maghreb (AQIM) and other militant extremists in the Maghreb and Sahel have increased more than 500 percent from their low point in the period to hit a high of 204 attacks in 2009. In 2011, the number of terrorist attacks remains dangerously high, increasing from 2010’s total to reach 185 attacks for the year.
Terrorist attacks by al-Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb (AQIM) and other extremist groups in both the Maghreb and Sahel increased 558% from their low during the period to a new high of 204 attacks in 2009, and remain dangerously high, with 178 in 2010. Thus, over the past nine years, more than 1,100 terrorist bombings, murders, kidnappings, and ambushes against both domestic and international targets have claimed almost 2,000 lives and 6,000 victims of violence. Moreover, according to open intelligence sources and a recent fact- finding trip to the region in January 2011, there exists growing evidence that AQIM, local traffickers, and possibly members of the Polisario are forming links with Latin American organized criminal groups for trafficking drugs and humans via transit networks into Europe.